Kastelorizo island

Sea your dreams come true by taking a cruise to the Greek Islands

 
    At the south easternmost edge of the Greek dominion ,spears out the calm beauty of KASTELORIZO ,Belying former grandeur the island of Megisti,as  officially known even from ancient times ,derives it's name from the Greek word meaning "largest" because it happens to be the largest island in a picturesque cluster surrounding. 

 

    The colorful capital and port is built amphitheatrically around  a windless bay on the north western coast.

  Little is known concerning the islands ancient history due to the few written accounts referring to it and the fewer still systematic excavations carried out on Kastellorizo Neolithic tools ,a pre-historic walls, stone hewn tombs, a gold crown from the Mycenaean period, Doric inscriptions and other findings pay witness to the fact that the island has been inhabited continuously  from very ancient times. The safe, natural  harbor on the north western coast has always been the islands greatest geophysical gift, as it is unique in the large harbourless surrounding area. Naturally, it once generated an important amount of economic and nautical trade ,standing as it does at the crossroads of Europe .Asia Minor and Egypt . Today Kastellorizo has a population of  275 inhabitants .This is the number that remained from the 15.000 that there were at the turn of the twentieth century. It  comprises in itself a separate municipality and belongs to the province of Rhodes . The locals  main activities are tourism and fishing. The town has fine two and three storied  buildings, built in accordance with the local architecture . Above all ,it provides the visitor with the beauty of  an idyllic landscape and the nostalgia of a past glory. The islands  greekness is attested to by its buildings, by the simple  "ageapelagitiki  "-Aegean-Sea  look  of the settlement, by the archaic character of the local dialect and by the spirit  of its inhabitants . The sites to be seen on the island are indeed not few: Two fine examples are the Palaiokastro - "Old Castle " which is situated  approximately in the middle of the island and once served as both the acropolis and older fortification of the island whilst the "Castro"- Castle is found in the south eastern part of the harbor and 200  meters above sea level . In the eastern part of the harbor there is an impressive stone hewed  lyceum tomb . Both ,of course, are a part of the invaluable inheritance of the much turmoil historical past of the island .

       The Museum  (historical-archaeological and folklore )is housed in a two story building of  architectural significance ( it is privileged in that it has a preservation order )and is rich with exhibitions from antiquity , medieval and later times as well as displaying examples of  folk art and more generally  of the traditional culture of  the island .Kastellorizo is dotter with numerous churches and monasteries . The patron saints of the island are Sts. Constantine and Helen to whom a church of exceptional architecture is dedicated . It is a thee nave basilica and dates from 1835 . Beside the church  is the "Santrapia Urban School " which was inaugurated in 1903 and built though the patronage of Louka Santrape . Especially picturesque is the monastery of St .George of the Mountain which has monk's cells, cisterns and a cave-catacomb with a well and a finely worked wooden  iconostasis. Extremely  colorful  are the  Easter adoration and festive customs as are the important feasts , rich in traditional customs. These are the feasts of .'Deakapentavgoustou'-Dormition of  Our Lady ,St. Paraskevi, the last Monday before Lent ,the First of May, Prophet Elias and of the patron saints of the island Sts. Constantine and Helen .Of exceedingly  natural beauty is the "Blue-Cave ",a huge sea cave in the south east of the island visit able only  by boat and only when there are calm  waters

      Transportation:    

Kastellorizo is connected by sea and by air with Rhodes  and by sea with Piraeus

The single settlement of the island is connected with the rural areas and the sites by way of a road network and which together with the well preserved paths can be used for hiking tourism.

                   Traditional foods and sweets:

Foods: goat stuffed with rice (usually at Easter ),salantroumasi  (stuffed onions,) saitia (rice with onion ,mint and tomato), many varieties of fish (sword-fish ,tuna ,sea-bream)etc.

Sweets:koutoumari (round pan -fried pasty with sugar, cinnamon and cloves), halva ,"straba "-crooked (baklava with kneaded pastry sheets) and others.

             Useful telephone numbers: Area Code 22460

Municipal  Council   49269   Police 49333   Port Authority  49270  OTE Telephone company 49289

 

 

  

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